The Reserve Bank of India ranks Gujarat as India’s first city in terms of attracting private investments; the annual international investor meets hosted by Chief Minister Narendra Modi having become popular with industrial investors. The state accounts for 34 per cent of India’s petrochemicals business; 27 per cent of the chemicals and pharmaceuticals business; 21 per cent of India’s exports and 13 per cent of India’s industrial production. Since, 2007-07, when the industrial promotion drive started, Gujarat has reported a 16 per cent year-on-year GDP growth.

Situated on India’s west coast, Gujarat spreads over 196,024 square kms with a 1,600 km coast line. For neighbours it has the states of Rajasthan (north), Maharashtra (south), Madhya Pradesh (east). To its west lies the Arabian Sea and Pakistan’s province, Sindh. Narmada is the biggest river of Gujarat followed by the Tapi, while the Sabarmati covers the longest area. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, though Ahmedabad is the largest. Mahatma Gandhi was a Gujarati and the state’s other important legacy is that it hosts sites belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization (Lothal and Dholavira)