Haryana is home to numerous international knowledge companies that have made Gurgaon, which is New Delhi’s immediate neighbour, their headquarters. Investment begets infrastructure and Haryana has invested in massive capacity-building to make itself a worthy global investment destination even as it has built infrastructure for housing. Sharing borders on three sides with Delhi has given the state a special status with a large part of its area included under the National Capital Region . Haryana’s capital is Chandigarh, one that it shares with Punjab.

Delhi apart, the state has for its neighbours Punjab  and Himachal Pradesh  to the north and Rajashthan to the west and south. Haryana is spread over 44,212 square kms and has the Yamuna flowing along its eastern border with Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.

Despite the sizeable flow of industrial investment, agriculture accounts for the livelihood of more than 65 per cent population and for around 26.4 per cent of the state GDP. The principal crops include rice, wheat, jowar, bajra, maize, barley and pulses, sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds and potato. Haryana’s cash crops are sugarcane, cotton and oilseeds, vegetable and fruits. It is actively engaged in resource conserving technologies in agriculture along with organic farming.