Jharkhand is India’s mineral capital with around 40 per cent of the country’s mineral wealth. Legitmately, it should have topped the industry table but is only waking up to its potential now. Its minerals include: coal, iron ore, copper, uranium, mica, bauxite, granite, limestone, silver, graphite, magnetite and dolomite.  The state was carved out of southern Bihar in year 2000 and covers 79,714 sq kms, bordered on the east by Bengal, on the north by Bihar, on the south-west by Chattisgarh and, to its south, by Orissa. The capital city is Ranchi.

Jharkhand’s mineral wealth attracted the Tata group more than a hundred years ago to start a professionally-run industry in what was a tribal belt with dense forests. Even today, forests and woodlands occupy more than 29 per cent of the state. The state’s principal rivers, Damodar, Barakar, Koel, Brahmani, Kharkai and Suvarnarekha give it a fertile soil, while also leading to the setting up of many dams at Konar, Chandil, Maithon, Panchet, Tenughat and Tilaiya for hydel power generation. Jharkhand also has thermal power stations at Bokaro, Tenughat and Patratu.