Rajasthan is truly central India, neighboured by five major states – and Pakistan to its west – and spread over an interesting agro-climatic territory over 132,150 square miles (342,239 square kms). The state is home to the Thar desert; it is also home to a major entrepreneurial community of the country. The archaeological ruins at Kalibanga are amongst the oldest in the subcontinent. The Aravalli Range hosts the Mount Abu, famous for the Dilwara Temples while the forests of eastern Rajasthan host the Keoladeo National Park (near Bharatpur), a World Heritage Site, famous for its bird life. Rajasthan is also hosts two national tiger reserves at Ranthambore and Sariska.

Thar Desert , in one part, runs parallel the Sutlej valley along its border with Pakistan. The state has Gujarat  to its south-west, Madhya Pradesh  to the south-east, Uttar Pradesh  and Haryana  to its north east and Punjab  to the north.

Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan and the Chambal and the Luni are its two principal rivers. The state’s main industry is mining and quarrying (it has 79 minerals of which 58 minerals are produced on a commercial scale) and textiles. Rajasthan is India’s second largest polyester fibre producer. Its main crops are wheat, rapeseed, mustard, soya bean, bajra (millet), maize and cotton followed by guar seed, sugarcane, potatoes and rice. The state is aggressively pursuing industrialization and is engaged in necessary infrastructure creation.