Uttar Pradesh is the land of the Taj Mahal. The state connects India’s east and the north and is bordered by Bihar (east), Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand (south east), Madhya Pradesh (south), Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana (west) and Uttaranchal (north). It has an area of 2,432,86 square kms and is India’s post populous state. It also has the longest network of rivers – the river Ganges flows through the state – and canals (28,500 kms). While agriculture is the primary occupation, the state is well-endowed with such minerals as limestone, dolomite, glass-sand, marble, bauxite, non-plastic fireclay and uranium. Today the state is trying to benefit from its proximity to the Indian capital and attracting its share of sophisticated industry from IT to real estate.

The capital city is Lucknow but it is Agra, the home of the Taj Mahal, which attracts the largest number of visitors.